The Importance of Water Management in Case of an Emergency
A water audit (household/domestic), much like an energy audit, is the means of measuring all the water flows in a closed system to know its use, prevent leaks, and improve water conservation. It can even be done on a big scale such as a city or a rural region on a small scale for housing projects, irrigation, industries, and even buildings. The primary aim of a water audit is to make the household aware of their water usage. This in turn will encourage them to conserve water to prevent running out of household water supplies.
Every household is legally bound to provide a water meter
reading at least once every year. This is to know if there is a trend of excessive water loss and consumption by the family. However, with the advent of new technology, a water audit has become an important part of water management in most cities. This technique not only helps in better collection of data but also helps in improving the water usage practices by the residents of a city. This way it monitors the usage and consumption of water by the residents and how the water is being consumed.
A water audit not only measures water consumption
but also helps the authorities in creating an environment that encourages healthy water management practices. It helps in improving the consumption of water by reducing unnecessary wastage of water and helps in improving water conservation by controlling the losses due to unplanned stoppages of water during irrigation projects. An effective water audit not only reduces water loss but also saves costs due to improved water efficiency and control.
A manual water audit
as the name suggests, is conducted by a person on his own, without the help of any professionals, technicians, or agents. The objective of this manual check is to find out the extent to which the water supply can be controlled and is being wasted. This process is generally carried out by using a thermometer called the m36. The m 36 is a special tool that helps in measuring the temperature of water at various points. Once the required data has been collected, the results are recorded in a book called the ‘water audit report’. In most cases, a reduction of more than forty percent can be achieved by using a manual method of measurement.
While a manual audit
is a time-consuming and labor-intensive process, it is a highly effective way to find out the cause of the problem. On the other hand, a top-down approach is a time-saving method that uses a clock or other devices that indicate the time when the water meter reaches a certain low water level. Using such a clock or similar device helps the audited area to see the pattern of water loss over some time. This helps in detecting small loss events early. In comparison to a bottom-up approach, a top-down approach does not require too many measurements as the data collected is more limited in scope.
Water audits have the potential of reducing water use
by as much as twenty-nine percent. However, due to the very fact that such an audit often involves a large number of employees, the resulting saving can sometimes be only ten percent. To achieve significant reductions in water consumption rates, water auditors need to focus on those areas where their attention is needed the most. Methods such as the bottom-up and top-down approaches have the potential to significantly reduce water wastage.